Israel Oceanographic and Limnological Research

Tel Shikmona 8030, Haifa 31080, Israel



Skype: eyal-rahav




Dimitris Velaoras, Giuseppe Civitarese, Michele Giani, Alexandra Gogou, Eyal Rahav, Soultana Zervoudaki (2020). Revisiting the Eastern Mediterranean: Recent knowledge on the physical, biogeochemical and ecosystemic states and trends (Volume II). Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 171: 104725.



Timor Katz, Yishai Weinstein, Ronen Alkalay, Eli Biton, Yaron Toledo, Ayah Lazar, Olga Zlatkin, Rotem Soffer, Eyal Rahav, Guy Sisma-Ventura, Tslil Bar, Tal Ozer, Hezi Gildor, Ahuva Almogi-Labin, Mor Kanari, Ilana Berman-Frank, Barak Herut (2019). The first deep-sea mooring station in the eastern Levantine basin (DeepLev), outline and insights into regional sedimentological processes. Deep-Sea Research Part II.

Sisma-Ventura, G, and Rahav, E. (2019). DOP stimulates heterotrophic bacterial production in the oligotrophic southeastern Mediterranean coastal waters. Frontiers in Microbiology, 10:1913.

Rosenfeld, S., L. Blaustein, J. Kneitel, C. Duchet, R. Horwitz, O. Rybak, A. Polevikov, and E. Rahav. 2019. The abundance and larval performance of Aedes phoeniciae in supralittoral rock-pools. Hydrobiologia 6: 1–12. doi:10.1007/s10750-019-04063-6


Mescioglu, E., E. Rahav, N. Belkin, P. Xian, J. M. Eigenza, A. Vichik, B. Herut, and A. Paytan (2019). Aerosol microbiome over the Mediterranean Sea; diversity and abundance. Atmosphere,10:440.​

Raveh O, Angel L D, Astrahan P, Belkin N Bar-Zeev E, and Rahav E. (2019) Phytoplankton response to N-rich well amelioration brines: A mesocosm study from the southeastern Mediterranean Sea. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 146: 355-365.

Velaoras D., Gogou A., Zervoudaki S., Civitarese G., Giani M., and Rahav E.(2019) Revisiting the Eastern Mediterranean: Recent knowledge on the physical, biogeochemical and ecosystemic states and trends (Volume I). Deep-Sea Research Part II 164: 1–4.


Geisler E., Bogler A., Rahav E., and Bar-Zeev E. (2019) Direct detection of heterotrophic Diazotrophs associated with planktonic aggregates. Scientific Reports, 9: 1-9.


Mescioglu E, Rahav E, Frada M.J, Rosenfeld R, Raveh O, Galletti Y, Santinelli C, Herut B and Paytan A. (2019) Dust-associated airborne microbes affect primary and bacterial production rates, and eukaryotes diversity in the Northern Red Sea: A mesocosm approach. Atmosphere, 10, 358; doi:10.3390/atmos10070358.

Rahav, E., Belkin, N., Paytan, A and Herut, B. (2019). The Relationship between Air-Mass Trajectories and the Abundance of Dust-Borne Prokaryotes at the SE Mediterranean Sea. Atmosphere, 10, 280; doi:10.3390/atmos10050280.


Rahav, E., Silverman, J., Raveh, O., Hazan, O., Rubin-Blum, M., Zeri, C., Gogou, A., Kralj, M., Pavlidou, A., Kress N. (2019). The deep water of Eastern Mediterranean Sea is a hotspot for bacterial activity. Deep Sea Research II, 164: 135-143.


Kress, N., Rahav, E., Silverman, J., Herut, B. (2019). Environmental status of Israel's Mediterranean coastal waters: Setting reference conditions and thresholds for nutrients, chlorophyll-a and suspended particulate matter. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 141: 612-620.


Frank, H., Fussmann, K-E., Rahav, E., Bar-Zeev, E. (2019). Chronic effects of brine discharge form large-scale seawater reverse osmosis desalination facilities on benthic bacteria. Water Research, 151:478-487. 



Rahav, E., Belkin, N., Paytan, A and Herut, B. (2018). Phytoplankton and bacterial response to desert dust deposition in the coastal waters of the southeastern Mediterranean Sea; A four year in-situ survey. Atmosphere, 9:305.


Lykkebo-Petersen K., Paytan A., Rahav E., Levy O., Silverman J., Barzel O., Potts D., Bar-Zeev E. (2018). Impact of brine and antiscalants on reef-building corals in the Gulf of Aqaba - Potential effects from desalination plants. Water Research 144, 183e191.


Rahav, E., Paytan, A., Mescioglu, E., Galletti, Y., Rosenfeld, S., Raveh, O., Santinelli, C., Ho, T-Y., Herut, B. (2018). Airborne microbes contribute to N2 fixation in surface water of the Northern Red Sea. Geophysical Research Letters, 45. 2018GL077132.


Hazan O., Silverman J., Sisma-Ventura G., Ozer T., Gertman I., Shoham-Frider E.,  Kress N., Rahav E. (2018).Mesopelagic prokaryotes alter surface phytoplankton production during simulated deep mixing experiments in Eastern Mediterranean Sea waters. Frontiers in Marine Science 5:1 doi: 10.3389/fmars.2018.00001.


Rahav E., Raveh O., Hazan O., Gordon N., Kress N., Silverman J., Herut B. (2018). Impact of nutrient enrichment on productivity of coastal water along the SE Mediterranean shore of Israel - A bioassay approach. Marine Pollution Bulletin 127: 559–567.


Peled Y., Zemah-Shamir S., Shechter M., Rahav E., Israel A. (2018). A new perspective on valuating marine climate regulation: The Israeli Mediterranean as a case study. Ecosystem Services 29: 83–90.



Tsagaraki TM, Herut B, Rahav E, Berman Frank IR, Tsiola A, Tsapakis M, Giannakourou A, Gogou A, Panagiotopoulos C, Violaki K, Psarra S, Lagaria A, Christou ED, Papageorgiou N, Zervoudaki S, Puelles MLF de, Nikolioudakis N, Meador TB, Tanaka T, Pedrotti ML, Krom MD, Pitta P (2017) Atmospheric deposition effects on plankton communities in the eastern Mediterranean: a mesocosm experimental approach. Front Mar Sci 4:1–17


Rahav E., Bar-Zeev E (2017) Sewage outburst triggers Trichodesmium bloom and enhance N2 fixation rates. Scientific Reports 7:4367.


Frank H, Rahav E, Bar-Zeev E (2017) Short-term effects of SWRO desalination brine on benthic heterotrophic microbial communities. Desalination 417:52–59


Belkin N, Rahav E, Elifantz H, Kress N, Berman-Frank I (2017) The effect of coagulants and antiscalants discharged with seawater desalination brines on coastal microbial communities: A laboratory and in situ study from the southeastern Mediterranean. Water Res 110:321–331



Astrahan P., Herut B., Paytan A., Rahav E. (2016) The impact of dry atmospheric deposition on the sea-surface microlayer in the SE Mediterranean Sea: An experimental approach. Frontiers in Marine Science. 3:122 doi: 10.3389/fmars.2016.00222


Herut B., Rahav E*., , Tsagaraki T.M., Giannakourou A., Tsiola A., Psarra S., Lagaria A., Papageorgiou N., Mihalopoulos N., Theodosi C.N., Violaki K., Stathopoulou E., Scoullos M., Krom M.D., Stockdale A., Shi  Z., Berman-Frank I., Meador T.B., Tanaka T., Paraskevi P. (2016). The potential impact of Saharan dust and polluted aerosols on microbial populations in the East Mediterranean Sea, an overview of a mesocosm experimental approach. Frontiers in Marine Science. 3:226 doi: 10.3389/fmars.2016.00226. *equally contributor


Guo C, Xia X, Pitta P, Herut B, Rahav E, Berman-Frank I, Giannakourou A, Tsiola A, Tsagaraki TM, Liu H (2016) Shifts in Microbial Community Structure and Activity in the Ultra-Oligotrophic Eastern Mediterranean Sea Driven by the Deposition of Saharan Dust and European Aerosols. Frontiers in Marine Science 3:1–13


Krom MD, Shi Z, Stockdale A, Berman-Frank I, Giannakourou A, Herut B, Lagaria A, Papageorgiou N, Pitta P, Psarra S, Rahav E, Scoullos M, Stathopoulou E, Tsiola A, Tsagaraki TM (2016) Response of the Eastern Mediterranean Microbial Ecosystem to Dust and Dust Affected by Acid Processing in the Atmosphere. Frontiers in Marine Science 3: 133


Rahav E, Shun-Yan C, Cui G, Liu H, Tsagaraki TM, Giannakourou A, Tsiola A, Psarra S, Lagaria A, Mulholland MR, Stathopoulou E, Paraskevi P, Herut B, Berman-Frank I (2016) Evaluating the Impact of Atmospheric Depositions on Springtime Dinitrogen Fixation in the Cretan Sea (Eastern Mediterranean)—A Mesocosm Approach. Frontiers in Marine Science 3:1–13


Rahav, E., Paytan, A., Chien, C-T, Ovadia, G., Katz, T., and Herut, B. (2016).The impact of atmospheric dry deposition associated microbes on the southeastern Mediterranean Sea surface water following an intense dust storm. Frontiers in Marine Sceince 3:172. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2016.00127. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2016.00127.


Rahav, E., Giannetto, M.J, and Bar-Zeev, E. (2016). Contribution of mono and
polysaccharides to heterotrophic N2 fixation at the eastern Mediterranean coastline. Scientific Reports. 6:27858. dOI: 10.1038/srep27858


Berman-Frank I, Spungin D, Rahav E, Wambeke F Van, Turk-Kubo K, Moutin T (2016) Dynamics of transparent exopolymer particles (TEP) during the VAHINE mesocosm experiment in the New Caledonia lagoon. Biogeosciences 13:3793–3805


Bonnet S, Berthelot H, Turk-Kubo K, Fawcett S, Rahav E, Lapos;Helguen S, Berman-Frank I (2016) Dynamics of N2 fixation and fate of diazotroph-derived nitrogen in a low-nutrient, low-chlorophyll ecosystem: results from the VAHINE mesocosm experiment (New Caledonia). Biogeosciences 12:19579–19626


Stein, S., A. Russak, O. Sivan, Y. Yechieli, E. Rahav, Y. Oren, and R. Kasher. (2016). Saline groundwater from coastal aquifers as a source for desalination. Environ. Sci. Technol. 50: 1955–1963. doi:10.1021/acs.est.5b03634


Rahav, E., G. Ovadia, A. Paytan, and B. Herut (2016). Contribution of airborne microbes to bacterial production and N2 fixation in seawater upon aerosol deposition. Geophysical Research Letter., 43, doi:10.1002/2015GL066898.



Raveh, O., David, N., Rilov, G., and Rahav, E. (2015). The temporal dynamics of coastal phytoplankton and bacterioplankton in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. PLoS ONE 10(10): e0140690.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0140690.


Belkin, N., Rahav, E., Elifantz, H., Kress, N., Berman-Frank, I. (2015). Seawater desalination brine discharges impact coastal microbial communities of the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Environmental Microbiology, doi: 10.1111/1462-2920.12979.


Kopf, A., Bicak, M., Kottmann. R., Schnetzer, J., Kostadinov, I., Lehmann, K., Fernandez-Guerra, A., Rahav, E., et al. (2015). The ocean sampling day consortium. Ocean Science, 4:27 doi: 10.1186/s13742-015-0066-5.


Bar-Zeev, E and Rahav, E. (2015). Microbial metabolism of transparent exopolymer particles during the summer months along a eutrophic estuary system. Frontiers in aquatic microbiology, 6, doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2015.00403.


Keuter, S., Rahav, E., Herut, B., Rinkevich, B. (2015). Distribution patterns of bacterioplankton in the oligotrophic south-eastern Mediterranean Sea. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 91: doi: 10.1093/femsec/fiv070.


Rahav, E., Herut, B., Mulholland, M. R., and Berman-Frank I. (2015). Contribution of dinitrogen fixation to bacterial and primary productivity in the Gulf of Aqaba (Red Sea). Marine Ecology Progress Series. 522, 67–77.



Rahav, E., Bar-Zeev, E., Ohayon, S., Elifantz, H., Belkin, N., Herut, B., Mulholland, M. R. and Berman Frank, I. (2013). Dinitrogen fixation in aphotic oxygenated marine environments. Frontiers in aquatic microbiology, 4, doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2013.00227.


Rahav, E., Herut, B., Stambler, N., Bar Zeev, E., Mulholland, M. R. and Berman Frank, I. (2013). Uncoupling between dinitrogen fixation and primary productivity in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea. J Geophys. Res.: Biogeosciences 118, 195-202.


Rahav, E., Herut, B., Levi, A., Mulholland, M. R. and Berman Frank, I. (2013). Springtime contribution of dinitrogen fixation to primary production across the Mediterranean Sea. Ocean Science 9, 1-10.


Efrati, S., Lehahn, Y., Rahav, E., Kress, N., Herut, B., Gertman, I., Goldman, R., Ozer, T., Lazar M. and Heifetz E. (2013). Intrusion of coastal waters into the pelagic Eastern Mediterranean: in situ and satellite-based characterization. Biogeoscience 10, 3349-3357.



Dishon G, Dubinsky Z, Caras T, Rahav E, Bar-Zeev E, Tzubery Y and Iluz D. (2012). Optical habitats of ultraphytoplankton groups in the Gulf of Eilat (Aqaba). Remote Sens. Environ. 33:2683-2705.



Yogev, T*. Rahav, E*., Bar-Zeev, E., Man-Aharonovich, D., Stambler, N., Kress, N., Beja, O., Mulholland, M.R., Herut, B. and Berman-Frank, I. (2011). Is dinitrogen fixation significant in the Levantine Basin, East Mediterranean Sea? Environ. Microbio.l 13, 854-871. *equally contributor.


Bar-Zeev, E., Rahav, E., Yogev, T., Dishon, G., Herut, B., Kress, N., Berman, T. and Berman-Frank, I. (2011). Transparent exopolymer particles (TEP) dynamics in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea. Mar. Ecol.-Prog. Ser. 431: 107-118.



Bar-Zeev, E., Berman-Frank, I., Liberman, B., Rahav, E., Passow, U. and Berman, T. (2009). Transparent exopolymer particles: Potential agents for organic fouling and biofilm formation in desalination and water treatment plants. Desalination and Water Treatment 3, 136-142.


Book reviews


Krom, M., Kress, N., Berman-Frank, I. and Rahav E. (2014). Past, present and future patterns in the nutrient chemistry of the Eastern Mediterranean. In: The Mediterranean Sea: Its history and present challenges (S. Goffredo and Z. Dubinsky eds.), pp. 3-22. Springer Science&Business Media Dordrecht.


Berman-Frank, I. and Rahav, E. (2012). Nitrogen fixation as a source for new production in the Mediterranean Sea: A review. In: Life in the Mediterranean Sea: A Look at Habitat Changes (N. Stambler ed), pp. 199–226. Nova Science Publishers, NY.